In any industry it is people that are the driving force - without their imagination, vision and ambition, we would make very little progress with anything. The cell / mobile phone industry is no different - going way be to the early experiments carried out by Loomis and Fessenden, through to more recent breakthrews made by Cooper - these are all pioneers who have played a part in the history of the cell (mobile) phone, and who have helped in some way to give us the cell phone industry we have today.
Samuel Morse (April 27, 1791 - April 2, 1872) was initially a painter (mainly of portraits) and then in later life worked on the invention of the telegraph. The original Morse telegraph is kept at the National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian Institution. Morse code became the primary language of telegraphy in the world, and is still even now in the 21st century the standard for rhythmic transmission of data.
Michael Faraday (22 September 1791 - 25 August 1867) was an English chemist and physicist (or natural philosopher, to use the terminology of the time) who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. It was on account of Faraday's research regarding the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a DC electric current that Faraday established the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics.
Mahlon Loomis (26 July 1826, Oppenheim, New York - 13 October 1886, Terra Alta, West Virginia) carried out some very early experiments in which he claimed to have transmitted signals in October 1866 between two Blue Ridge Mountain-tops 14 miles apart in Virginia, using kites as antennas. No independent witnesses were present though to verify his claims.
Martin Cooper in 2007
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 - August 2, 1922), was a scientist, engineer and inventor who is credited with inventing the telephone. Sound and speech had played a major part in Bell's life from a very early age, with his grandfather, father and brother all being involved in some way in speech and elocution work. His mother and wife were also deaf. On March 10, 1876, Bell succeeded in getting his telephone to work. When Bell spoke the famous sentence to his assistant "Mr Watson - Come here - I want to see you", Watson, listening at the receiving end in an adjoining room, heard the words clearly.
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 - July 22, 1932), a naturalized American citizen born in Canada, was an inventor who performed pioneering experiments in radio, including early - and possibly the first - radio transmissions of voice and music (1900). In his later life he received hundreds of patents for devices in fields such as high-powered transmission, sonar, and television.
Guglielmo Marconi (25 April 1874 - 20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor. He is known as the father of long distance radio transmission and is often credited as the inventor of radio.
Lee De Forest
Lee De Forest (August 26, 1873 - June 30, 1961) invented the Audion - a vacuum tube that takes relatively weak electrical signals and amplifies them. De Forest is one of the fathers of the "electronic age", as the Audion helped to introduce the widespread use of electronics. The Audion (triode) was the fastest electronic switching element of the time, and was later used in early digital electronics (such as computers). It was eventually replaced by the transistor. De Forest is credited with the birth of public radio broadcasting.
Dr Daniel Earl Noble
Dr Daniel Earl Noble (October 4, 1901 - 16 February, 1980) was a chairman of the Science Advisory Board of the Board Directors at Motorola.
Dr Martin Cooper
Martin Cooper (born December 26, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American and former Motorola vice president and division manager. In the 1970s he led the team that developed the handheld cell / mobile phone (as distinct from the car phone). Cooper is still (2011) the CEO and founder of ArrayComm, a company that works on researching smart antenna technology and improving wireless networks, and was the corporate director of Research and Development for Motorola.